Published: April 02, 2021 • 2 min read
As I explore JSON Web Tokens (JWT; pronounced ‘jot’ if you enjoy correcting
people), I’m learning the rules and testing, much like a Velociraptor, what I
can get away with. Today I learned about the
sub registered claim.
Registered claims are the fields of the JWT payload that are enumerated in the spec. Like all claims they must be unique, and they aren’t mandatory.
sub matches the person who requested the token; i.e.
sub we can therefore send an anodyne piece of
user data to the browser without any additional request. So, you can use the
JWT to authenticate,
sub to show the user their email, and because clients
cannot alter the JWT, you can even use
sub to look up a user.
sub is defined in the spec as a string. If you need more than a string can provide, you’re going to have to try other claims on the JWT, or more conventionally, a network request.
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Blog of Jake Worth, software engineer in Maine.